Human ecosystem

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An aerial view of a human ecosystem. Pictured is the city of Chicago

Human ecosystems are complex cybernetic systems that are increasingly being used by ecological anthropologists and other scholars to examine the ecological aspects of human communities in a way that integrates multiple factors as economics, socio-political organization, psychological factors, and physical factors related to the environment. An ecosystem is a place with Living and Non living things

A human ecosystem has three central organizing concepts: human environed unit (an individual or group of individuals), environment, interactions and transactions between and within the components.[1] The total environment includes three conceptually distinct, but interrelated environments: the natural, human constructed, and human behavioral. These environments furnish the resources and conditions necessary for life and constitute a life-support system.[2]

Further reading[edit]

  • Basso, Keith 1996 “Wisdom Sits in Places: Landscape and Language among the Western Apache.” Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press.
  • Douglas, Mary 1999 “Implicit Meanings: Selected Essays in Anthropology.” London and New York: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group.
  • Nadasdy, Paul 2003 “Hunters and Bureaucrats: Power, Knowledge, and Aboriginal-State Relations in the Southwest Yukon.” Vancouver and Toronto: UBC Press.


  1. ^ "Sprout, H.H. and Sprout, M.: Ecological Perspective on Human Affairs (eBook and Paperback)". 1965. Retrieved 2016-01-28.
  2. ^ Bubolz, Margaret M.; Eicher, Joanne B.; Evers, Sandra J.; Sontag, M. Suzanne (1980). "A human ecological approach to quality of life: Conceptual framework and results of a preliminary study". Social Indicators Research. 7 (1–4): 103–136. doi:10.1007/bf00305595. S2CID 143456994.

See also[edit]